The Battle of Monte Cassino was one of the longest and bloodiest battles of World War II.
Furthermore the Battle of Monte Cassino was a major battle fought during World War II in the Italian Campaign. It was fought by the Allies (primarily British, American, and Polish troops) against German forces.
The battle of Monte Cassino was fought for control of the Monastery of Monte Cassino, a strategically important location in the hills south of Rome. The battle of Monte Cassino was notable for the heavy casualties suffered by both sides, with the Allies ultimately achieving victory after several costly attempts to take the monastery. The battle of Monte Cassinowas a significant step in the Allies' eventual liberation of Rome.
The battle of Monte Cassino began in January 1944, when the Allies launched an amphibious landing at Anzio, to the west of Monte Cassino. However, the German defenses proved to be too strong, and the Allies were unable to break through. The Allies then decided to launch a full-scale attack on the monastery, with the aim of capturing it and the surrounding hills. This resulted in four major battles, the first three of which were unsuccessful, and resulted in heavy casualties for the Allied forces.
The final battle of Monte Cassino was fought in May 1944, and was successful, with the Allies finally capturing the monastery. The Germans retreated to new defensive positions further north, and the Allies were able to advance towards Rome. The Battle of Monte Cassino resulted in heavy casualties on both sides, with the Allies losing around 55,000 men, and the Germans losing around 20,000 men.
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Interesting links and sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Monte_Cassino https://www.nationalww2museum.org/war/articles/destruction-of-monte-cassino-1944 https://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/ff6_cassino.shtml